Advertisement

Red Capitalist: The Rising Chinese Private Entrepreneurs

  • Jing Yang
Chapter
  • 81 Downloads

Abstract

In the past half century, the private economy in China has grown from the marginal and supplementary element of the socialist construction, to a crucial and integral part of the state economy.1 Accordingly, the total registered capital of private enterprises has increased from approximately US$1.5 billion in the early 1990s to approximately US$150 billion in 2000. The period since the early 1990s has been one of extraordinary economic growth, particularly in the private sector, and the opening of new job and investment opportunities in the market.2

Keywords

Private Enterprise Private Business Business Association Party Member Private Entrepreneur 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ao, D. 2005. Political participation of private entrepreneurs. Guang Zhou: Zhong Shan University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bruun, O. 1995. Political hierarchy and private entrepreneurship in a Chinese neighborhood. In The waning of the communist state: Economic origins of political decline in China and Hungary, ed. A. G. Walder, 184–212. London: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  3. Chen, A. 2002. Capitalist development, entrepreneurial class, and democratization in China. Political Science Quarterly 117 (3): 401–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. —. 2003. Rising-class politics and its impact on China’s path to democracy. Democratization 10 (2): 141–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen, F. 2003. Between the state and labour: The conflict of Chinese trade unions’ double identity in market reform. China Quarterly 176: 1006–1028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, G. J. 2005. From elites circulation to elite reproduction: The changing mechanism for the formation of Chinese private entrepreneurs’ class. Study and Exploration 1: 44–51.Google Scholar
  7. Chen, G. J., J. Li, and H. Matlay. 2006. Who are the Chinese private entrepreneurs? A study of entrepreneurial attributes and business governance. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development 13: 148–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dickson. B. J. 2003. Red capitalists in China: The Party, private entrepreneurs, and prospects for political change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. —. 2007. Integrating wealth and power in China: The communist party’s embrace of the private sector. China Quarterly 192: 827–854.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. FIC. 2007. The large-scale survey on private enterprises in China: 1993–2006. All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce Press.Google Scholar
  11. Holbig, H. 2002. The party and private entrepreneurs in the PRC. Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies 16: 30–56.Google Scholar
  12. Moore, B. Jr. 1966. Social origins of dictatorship and democracy: Lord and peasant in the making of the modern world. Boston: Beacon.Google Scholar
  13. Nevitt, C. E. 1996. Private business association in China: Evidence of civil society or local state power? China Journal 36: 25–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Oi, J. C. and A. G. Walder. 1999. Property rights in the Chinese economy: Contours of process of change. In Property rights and economic reform in China, ed. J. C . Oi and A. G. Walder, 1–26. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Tsai, K. S. 2005. Capitalists without a class: Political diversity among private entrepreneurs in China. Comparative Political Studies 38: 1130–1160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tsui, A. S., Y. Bian, and L. Cheng. 2006. China’s domestic private firms: Multidisciplinary perspectives on management and performance. New York: M. E. Shape, Inc.Google Scholar
  17. Unger, J. 1996. “Bridges”: Private business, the Chinese government, and the rise of new associations. China Quarterly 147: 795–819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Unger, J. and A. Chan. 1999. Inheritors of the boom: Private enterprise and the role of local government in a rural south China township. China Journal, 42: 45–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wank, D. L. 1995a. Bureaucratic patronage and private business: Changing networks of power in urban China. In The waning of the communist state: Economic origins of political decline in China and Hungary, ed. A. G. Walder, 153–183. London: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  20. —. 1995b. Private business, bureaucracy, and political alliance in a Chinese city. Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs 33: 55–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. —. 1996. The institutional process of market clientelism: Guanxi and private business in a south China city. China Quarterly 147: 820–838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. —. 2002. Social connections in China: Institutions, culture, and the changing nature of guanxi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  23. White, D. G. 1993. Riding the tiger: The politics of economic reform in post-Mao China. London: Macmillan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. —. 1994. Democratization and economic reform in China. Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs 31: 73–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. You, J. 1998. China’s enterprise reform: Changing state/society relations after Mao. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Reza Hasmath and Jennifer Hsu 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Yang

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations