Advertisement

Abstracting the City: Urbanization and the “Opening-Up” Process in China

  • Ian Morley
Chapter
  • 80 Downloads

Abstract

Urbanization has historically shown itself to be both an effect and also a cause of societal changes initially instigated by the onset of industrialization. So closely allied is urban growth with industrialization, and so significant are they in terms of how a society perceives itself, that they collectively in effect act as an age marker, that is they are culturally defining processes that mark a society’s advancement from the traditional to the modern. In such a light therefore urbanization is integral to the acuity a society has of itself and its influence can be reinforced through moral imperatives and political strategies so as to, for instance, deal with age old problems connected to impoverished rural locales. In this chapter, a detailed examination of the urban perspective of China’s modern development is given, in doing so offering a means to appraise not only China’s shifting state-society relationship since circa 1980 as part of what is commonly known as China’s “opening up,” but moreover to appreciate how the evolving economic and political approach in China since the economic reforms initiated by Deng Xiaoping have manifest themselves into a changing urban landscape. By investigating the Chinese economic determinism to progress, the work shall elucidate the significance of the modern global city concept to Chinese society, a notion that has led in recent decades to an aggressively modern institutionalizing of the market economy, a reorganization of goods and services through local, regional, national, and international markets, a restructuring of everyday life through consumption, and new urban scales and proportions.

Keywords

Urban Growth Urban Space Chinese City Urban Core Gated Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Atkinson, S. 2007. A revised framework for the design of Chinese cities. Presented at The Third International Conference on Urban Development and Land Policy in China, Hangzhou, PR China, October 12.Google Scholar
  2. Au, C-C. and V. Henderson. 2004. How migration restrictions limit agglomeration and productivity in China. New York: World Bank.Google Scholar
  3. Batisse, C., J-F. Brun, and M. F. Renard. 2006. Globalization and the growth of Chinese cities. In Globalization and the Chinese city, ed. F. Wu, 47–59. Routledge: London.Google Scholar
  4. Boy, A. 1962. Chinese architecture and town planning, 1500 BC to 1911 AD. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  5. Broudehoux, A-M. 2004. The making of post-Mao Beijing. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Chang, C-Y. 1990. Towards a culturally identifiable architecture. PhD diss. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.Google Scholar
  7. Chen, N. N. 2001. Health, wealth and the good life. In China urban: Ethnographies of contemporary Culture, ed. N. N. Chen, C. Clark, S. Gottschang, and L. Jeffrey, 165–183. London: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen, X. 1987. Magic and myth of migration: A case study of a Special Economic Zone in China. Asia-Pacific Population Journal 2: 57–76.Google Scholar
  9. China Daily. 2006. Southern comfort: Shenzhen best to live. September 21.Google Scholar
  10. —. 2005. Beijing 2008 Games: One world, one dream. June 27.Google Scholar
  11. China News. 2007. GDP per capita in Beijing to reach US $6,210. April 3.Google Scholar
  12. Chinese Statistical Yearbook for Cities. 1985. Beijing: China Statistics Press.Google Scholar
  13. —. 2005. Beijing: China Statistics Press.Google Scholar
  14. Cook, I. 2006. Beijing as an “internationalized metropolis.” In Globalization and the Chinese city, ed. F. Wu, 63–84. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Day, L. 1994. Migrants and urbanization in China. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
  16. Esherick, J. 2000. Modernity and nation in the Chinese city. In Remaking the Chinese city: Modernity and national identity, 1900–1950, ed. J. Esherick, 1–16. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.Google Scholar
  17. Fingerhuth, C., and E. Joos. 2002. The Kunming project: Urban development in China. Basel: Birkhaüser.Google Scholar
  18. Gaubatz, P. 1995. Urban transformation in post-Mao China: Impacts of the reform era on China’s Urban Form. In Urban spaces in contemporary China: The potential for autonomy and community in post-Mao China, ed. D. Davis, R. Kraus, B. Naughton, and E. Perry, 28–60. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  19. —. 2005. Globalization and the development of new central business districts in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. In Restructuring the Chinese city: Changing society, economy and space, ed. L. J. C. Ma and F. Wu, 98–121. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Graeber, D. 2001. Towards an anthropological theory of value. New York: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Huang, Y. 2005. From work-unit compounds to gated communities: Housing inequality and residential segregation in transitional Beijing. In Restructuring the Chinese city: Changing society, economy and space, ed. L. J. C. Ma and F. Wu, 192–221. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kwok, Y-W. 1992. Urbanization under economic reform. In Urbanizing China, ed. G. Guldin, 65–85. New York: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  23. Lefebvre, H. 1991. The production of space. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  24. Lu, D. 2006. Remaking Chinese urban form: Modernity, scarcity and space, 1949–2005. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. Lu, J., P. G. Rowe, and K. Zhang. 2001. Modern urban housing in China, 1840–2000. London: Prestel.Google Scholar
  26. Ma, L. and F. Wu. 2005. Restructuring the Chinese city: Diverse processes and reconstituted spaces. In Restructuring the Chinese city: Changing society, economy and space, ed. L. J. C. Ma and F. Wu, 1–20. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. North American Representative Office of Shenzhen Web site, About Shenzhen. Available at: http://www.shenzhenoffice.org/about_shenzhen.htm (accessed March 2008).
  28. People’s Daily. 2007. GDP per capita in Shanghai over US $7,000. February 8.Google Scholar
  29. People’s Daily Online. 2007. Calls for halt to demolition of hutong. Available at: http://english.people.com.cn/200705/15/eng20070515_374679.html (accessed December 2007).
  30. Perkins, D. 2006. The challenge’s of China’s growth. Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute Press.Google Scholar
  31. Schein, L. 2001. Urbanity, cosmopolitanism, consumption. In China urban: Ethnographies of contemporary culture, ed. N. N. Chen, C. Clark, S. Gottschang, and L. Jeffrey, 225–241. London: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shen, J. 1999. Urbanization in southern China: The rise of Shenzhen city. In Problems of megacities: Social inequalities, environmental risks and urban governance, ed. A. G. Aguilar and I. Escamilla, 635–648. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico.Google Scholar
  33. —. 2005. Space, scale and the state: Reorganizing urban space in China. In Restructuring the Chinese city: Changing society, economy and space, ed. L. J. C. Ma and F. Wu, 39–58. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shenzhen Municipal Government Web site. http://english.sz.gov.cn/ (Accessed March 2008).
  35. Shenzhen Statistical Yearbook. 1985. Beijing: China Statistics Press.Google Scholar
  36. Sit, V. 1995. Beijing: The nature and planning of a Chinese capital city. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  37. Woo, E. 1998. Urban Development. In Guangdong: A survey of a province undergoing rapid change, ed. Y. M. Yeung and D. Chu, 355–384. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Wu, F. 2002. Real estate development and the transformation of urban space in China’s transitional economy, with special reference to Shanghai. In The new Chinese City, ed. J. Logan, 154–166. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  39. Wu, F. and L. Ma. 2005. The Chinese city in transition: Towards theorizing China’s urban restructuring. In Restructuring the Chinese city: Changing society, economy and space, ed. L. J. C. Ma and F. Wu, 260–279. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yang, C. 2006. Cross-boundary integration of the Pearl River Delta and Hong Kong: An emerging global city-region in China. In Globalization and the Chinese city, ed. F. Wu, 125–146. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  41. Yeh, A. G.-O. and X-Q Xu. 1989. City system development in China, 1953–86. Working Paper No. 41. Hong Kong: Centre of Urban Studies and Urban Planning, University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
  42. Yusuf, S. and W. Wu. 2001. Shanghai rising in a globalizing world. Policy Research Working Paper No. 2617. New York: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Reza Hasmath and Jennifer Hsu 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Morley

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations