How Policy Contexts Shape Implementation

  • Jeanne M. Powers
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Urban Education book series (PSUE)


While the concepts of organizational structure and school culture provide a conceptual window into school life, they are insufficient for analyzing the complex set of influences on implementation. Individual schools are bound into complex relationships with other organizational entities, which include: district, state, and federal education agencies; business organizations; professional organizations; and judicial and legislative bodies. Thus it is important to be attentive to the structural and institutional settings within which schools operate (Cuban, 1995; Talbert, McLaughlin and Rowan, 1993). I use the term context to highlight the complex and organized environments that shape the work of schools.


Staff Member School District School Board Policy Context Reform Effort 
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© Jeanne M. Powers 2009

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  • Jeanne M. Powers

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