Misunderstanding Terrorism: The Sword

  • Robert J. Jackson
  • Philip Towle


After 9/11, the Bush administration was tempted into adopting a strategy as old as war itself to avenge and protect America: the use of both the sword and the shield. But that choice was based on a serious misunderstanding of the terrorist threat, and consequently the government made grave mistakes in its foreign policy. The administration should have attempted to win over the terrorists’ supporters in the wider community, and formed an international coalition against the threat and to isolate the extremists. Its bellicose policies had the reverse effects because terrorism cannot be curbed by military force.


Foreign Policy Terrorist Attack Terrorist Organization Bush Administration Suicide Bomber 
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Copyright information

© Robert J. Jackson and Philip Towle 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Jackson
    • 1
  • Philip Towle
    • 2
  1. 1.University of RedlandsUSA
  2. 2.Centre of International StudiesCambridge UniversityUK

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