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Beginnings

  • Jurgen Herbst
Chapter
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Abstract

Fresh and contemporary as the term school choice appears to us today, it has a history that in the English-speaking world leads back to Adam Smith’s 1776 Wealth of Nations, to Thomas Paine’s 1792 Rights of Man, and in the nineteenth century to John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty. The German language’s most famous manifesto was Wilhelm von Humboldt’s “Ideas for an Attempt to Determine the Limits of the State’s Effectiveness,” first published in 1792. While not explicitly using the term school choice, the essay speaks of the need to protect a people’s education from state control. In all of these instances the growing presence of modern state administrations had provoked a debate over the provision of schooling for a state’s or country’s children.

Keywords

Civil Society Public School School Choice Public School System School Fund 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    See Jon Teaford, “The Transformation of Massachusetts Education, 1670–1780,” reprinted in The Social History of American Education, ed. B. Edward McClellan and William J. Reese (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988), p. 35.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    James B. Conant, Thomas Jefferson and the Development of American Public Education (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962), p. 110.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, National Education in the United States of America (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1923), pp. 147–148.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
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    See Frank C. Abbott, Government Policy and Higher Education: A Study of the Regents of the University of the State of New York, 1784–1949 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1958), passim, and my “The Regents of the University of the State of New York, 1784–1920: Secondary Education Emerges in the New Nation,” in Antonio Novoa, Marc Depaepe, and Erwin V. Johanningmeier, eds., “The Colonial Experience in Education,” Paedagogica Historica, Supplementary Series 1 (1995): 317–333.Google Scholar
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    See Johann Gottlieb Fichte, “Reden an die deutsche Nation,” in Sämmtliche Werke, ed. I. H. Fichte (Berlin: I. H. 1846), 7: 271–427.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jurgen Herbst 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jurgen Herbst
    • 1
  1. 1.DurangoUSA

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