School Governance and School Choice 1900–1950
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During the first half of the twentieth century the professionalization of American public education moved steadily ahead and made narrower the areas left for parental school choice and participation. Overall policy for public education was set in state legislatures and increasingly by the federal government. It was administered and supervised by educational professionals in state departments of public instruction and the federal Department of Education. These professionals were supplemented by state, county, and city superintendents, most of them trained in university departments of educational administration. In the decades after 1900, they brought a measure of uniform, countrywide administrative educational practice to the school districts of the United States.
KeywordsPublic School Private School School Choice Public Elementary School National Education Association
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