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Islamic Discourses: Definitions and Background

  • S. M. Farid Mirbagheri
Chapter
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Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)

Abstract

To talk of Islam as a monolithic religion with a uniform standard of behaviour throughout, is, to put it mildly, a fallacy.1 At best it is a misleading proposition overlooking the vast variety of cultures in which Islamic tradition and Muslims have developed throughout history and at worst it is a dangerous assumption risking misunderstanding, misperception and conflict at a local or wider level. Islam, like any other religion, has its varieties expressed through different sects, cultures and interpretations. Any individual or group claiming otherwise has a somewhat shallow or misguided understanding of this faith.

Keywords

Saudi Arabia Religious Leader Religious Authority Islamic World Muslim Brotherhood 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    There are many sources stating this. For one Western source see John L. Esposito, Unholy War ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002 ), p. 144.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Abdolkarim Soroush, Ghabz o Bast e Teorik e Shari’at [The Theoretical Contraction and Expansion of Shari’a], 3rd edn (Tehran: Serat Cultural Institute, 1994), p. 86. This point has been dealt with deftly throughout the above-mentioned book.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    See A. G. Noorani, Islam and Jihad ( New Delhi: Leftword, 2002 ), p. 50.Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    W. Montgomery Watt, Islamic Political Philosophy (Edinburgh University Press, 1998, reprint), p. 125.Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    Arthur Goldschmidt Jr and Lawrence Davidson, A Concise History of the Middle East, 8th edn ( Colorado and Oxford: Westview Press, 2006 ), p. 81.Google Scholar
  6. 20.
    See L. Carl Brown, Religion and State ( New York: Columbia University Press, 2000 ), pp. 52–9.Google Scholar
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    See Carl W. Ernst, Following Muhammad: Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World (Chapel Hill, NC and London: The University of North Carolina Press, 2003), pp. 136 and 202.Google Scholar
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    See Abdolkarim Soroush, Reason, Freedom and Democracy in Islam (Oxford University Press, 2000), p. 30.Google Scholar
  10. 32.
    Jean-Paul Sartre, ‘Preface’, in Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth (Penguin Books, 2001, reprint), p. 7.Google Scholar
  11. 37.
    Pat Buchanan, ‘Is Islam an Enemy of the United States?’ New Hampshire Sunday News, 25 November 1990.Google Scholar
  12. 40.
    See Katerina Dalacoura, Islam, Liberalism and Human Rights ( London: I. B. Tauris, 1998 ), pp. 59–68.Google Scholar
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    See Malise Ruthven, Islam in the World, 2nd edn ( New York: Oxford University Press, 2000 ), pp. 299–300.Google Scholar
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    Ali Shari’ati, Ma va Eqbal [We and Iqbal], Collected Works, vol. 5 ( Iran: Elham Publications, 1982 ), p. 109.Google Scholar
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    See Ali Shari’ati, Niyayesh [Prayers], Collected Works, vol. 8 ( Tehran: Hoseinieh Ershad Publications, 1979 ), p. 102.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© S. M. Farid Mirbagheri 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Farid Mirbagheri
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaCyprus

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