The European Security and Defence Policy from ‘National’ to ‘European’ Interests?
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The EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and in particular the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP), which officially became a component of CFSP with the Treaty of Nice, were frequently presented by political leaders as fundamental aspects of a renewed project of European integration. This idea echoes in Tony Blair’s vision of a European superpower as much as in Jacques Chirac’s discourse of Europe puissance or Europe de la défense.1 Describing their vision of a modern Union in terms of power or defence, leaders conveyed the hope that the success of CFSP and ESDP might renew the entire European project. In this respect CFSP and ESDP not only incarnated the EU’s new openness towards the external world, following the inward-looking focus which characterised most European initiatives during the Cold War period. They were also associated with renewed dynamism and a greater relevance to contemporary challenges.2
KeywordsSecurity Policy National Interest Issue Area Defence Policy European Security
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