Global Return of Religion: Clash or Engagement

  • Mariano Barbato
Part of the Culture and Religion in International Relations book series (CRIR)


Already in the mid-1990s, Benjamin Barber provided with his catchy title of Jihad vs. McWorld 1 the characterization of the atmosphere surrounding international relations for the following years. As in meteorology, two masses of air seemed to confront each other. In the West, the high pressure system of neoliberal globalization was expanding, bringing more and more regions under the sway of Coca Cola and McDonaldization. Locally, various low pressure systems of the Jihad resisted this expansion and insisted on their own local particularities, also by force. In situations when two air masses clash, a thunderstorm is inevitable and the victim of such disasters is, according to Barber, most likely democracy itself.


International Relation Global Return Arab World French Revolution Soft Power 
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© Mariano Barbato 2013

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  • Mariano Barbato

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