Presidentialism in Korea: A Strong President and a Weak Government

  • Yuki Asaba


On 25 February 2009, the first year anniversary of the inauguration of President Lee Myung-bak, major Korean papers carried the following editorials.


Prime Minister Electoral System Party System Electoral Cycle Legislative Election 
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  1. Asaba, Y. (2008) ‘Three-tier Model of Linkage Failure in Duverger’s Law: Regionalism in Korean Parliamentary Elections in Comparative Perspectives’, Senkyo Kenkyu [Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies], vol. 23, pp. 112–126.Google Scholar
  2. Asaba, Y. (2010) ‘Syusyou-ga iru kankoku-no daitouryousei: syusyou-no kainin-ninmei-wo meguru daitouryou-to gikai-no kankei [Korean Presidency with Prime Minister: Presidentialism by Constitutional Design, but Semi-presidentialism in Practice]’, in Y. Yoshikawa (ed.), Minsyuka katei-no senkyo: chiiki kenkyuu-kara mita seitou-kouhosya-yuukensha [Elections in Democratization: Parties, Candidates and Voters from Area Studies Perspectives] (Ootsu: Kohrosha), pp. 41–64.Google Scholar
  3. Asaba, Y. (2011) ‘Kankoku-ni okeru seitou sisutemu-no henyou [Changes in the Korean Party System]’, in M. Iwasaki (ed.), Seitou sisutemu-no riron-to jissai [Theory and Cases of Party System] (Tokyo: Oufuu), pp. 255–282.Google Scholar
  4. Asaba, Y., Y. Onishi and I. Haruki (2010) ‘Kankoku-ni okeru senkyo saikuru fuicchi-no seitou seiji-heno eikyou [President Lee Myung-bak’s Government Formation in Korea: a Missing Link of Electoral Cycle in Party Politics]’, Revaiasan [Leviathan], vol. 47, Autumn, pp. 65–88.Google Scholar
  5. Asaba, Y., Y. Onishi and M. Tatebayashi (2010) ‘Loser’s Disconsent in Korean Presidential Primary: Separation of Powers, Electoral Cycles, and Party Organization’, Senkyo Kenkyu [Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies], vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 53–66.Google Scholar
  6. Cheibub, J. A. (2002) ‘Minority Governments, Deadlock Situations, and the Survival of Presidential Democracies’, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 284–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cheibub, J. A. (2007) Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  8. Choi, H. S. (2007) Daetonglyeong susang jundaetonglyeong: gugga-ui gwonlyeoggujo [Presidentialism, Parliamentarism and Semi-presidentialism: an Analysis of Constitutional Structures] (Seoul: Ingansalang).Google Scholar
  9. Cox, G. W. and M. D. McCubbins (2001) ‘The Institutional Determinants of Economic Policy Outcomes’, in S. Haggard and M. D. McCubbins (eds), Presidents, Parliaments, and Policy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 21–63.Google Scholar
  10. Elgie, R. (1999a) ‘The Politics of Semi-presidentialism’, in R. Elgie (ed.), Semi-presidentialism in Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Elgie, R. (1999b) ‘Semi-presidentialism and Comparative Institutional Engineering’, in R. Elgie (ed.), Semi-presidentialism in Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 281–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elgie, R. (2004) ‘Semi-presidentialism: Concepts, Consequences and Contesting Explanations’, Political Studies Review, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 314–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Elgie, R. (2007) ‘What is Semi-presidentialism and Where Is It Found?’, in R. Elgie and S. Moestrup (eds), Semi-presidentialism outside Europe: A Comparative Study (Oxford: Routledge), pp. 1–13.Google Scholar
  14. Ginsburg, T. (2003) Judicial Review in New Democracies: Constitutional Courts in Asian Cases (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Haggard, S. and M. D. McCubbins (2001) ‘Introduction: Political Institutions and the Determinants of Public Policy’, in S. Haggard and M. D. McCubbins (eds), Presidents, Parliaments, and Policy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 1–17.Google Scholar
  16. Kang, W. T. (2006) Daetonglyeongje naegagje-wa i-wonjeongbuje: tongchihyeongtae-ui teugseonggwa unyeong-ui wonli [Presidentialism, Parliamentalism and Semi-presidentialism: Characteristics of Constitutional Structures and Principles of Governance] (Seoul: Ingansalang).Google Scholar
  17. Lee, J. W. (2007) Daehanmingug-ui gugmuchongli [The Prime Minister in Korea] (Seoul: Nanam).Google Scholar
  18. Onishi, Y. (2008) ‘“Tsuyoi daitouryou” toiu kankoku seiji-no gensou: kokumusouri ninmei-to daitouryou hisyositsu [The Myth of “Strong President” in Korean Politics: Appointment of the Prime Minister and the Presidential Office]’, in M. Ito (ed.), Seiji-teki eguzekutxibu-no hikaku kenkyuu [Comparative Studies on Political Executives] (Tokyo: Waseda University Press), pp. 131–153.Google Scholar
  19. Shugart, M. S. (2005) ‘Semi-presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns’, French Politics, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 323–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Shugart, M. S. (2006) ‘Comparative Executive-Legislative Relations’, in R. A. W. Rhodes, S. A. Binder and B. A. Rockman (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 344–365.Google Scholar
  21. Shugart, M. S. and S. Haggard (2001) ‘Institutions and Public Policy in Presidential Systems’, in S. Haggard and M. D. McCubbins (eds), Presidents, Parliaments, and Policy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 64–102.Google Scholar

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© Yuki Asaba 2013

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  • Yuki Asaba

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