Presidentialism in Korea: A Strong President and a Weak Government
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On 25 February 2009, the first year anniversary of the inauguration of President Lee Myung-bak, major Korean papers carried the following editorials.
KeywordsPrime Minister Electoral System Party System Electoral Cycle Legislative Election
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- Asaba, Y. (2008) ‘Three-tier Model of Linkage Failure in Duverger’s Law: Regionalism in Korean Parliamentary Elections in Comparative Perspectives’, Senkyo Kenkyu [Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies], vol. 23, pp. 112–126.Google Scholar
- Asaba, Y. (2010) ‘Syusyou-ga iru kankoku-no daitouryousei: syusyou-no kainin-ninmei-wo meguru daitouryou-to gikai-no kankei [Korean Presidency with Prime Minister: Presidentialism by Constitutional Design, but Semi-presidentialism in Practice]’, in Y. Yoshikawa (ed.), Minsyuka katei-no senkyo: chiiki kenkyuu-kara mita seitou-kouhosya-yuukensha [Elections in Democratization: Parties, Candidates and Voters from Area Studies Perspectives] (Ootsu: Kohrosha), pp. 41–64.Google Scholar
- Asaba, Y. (2011) ‘Kankoku-ni okeru seitou sisutemu-no henyou [Changes in the Korean Party System]’, in M. Iwasaki (ed.), Seitou sisutemu-no riron-to jissai [Theory and Cases of Party System] (Tokyo: Oufuu), pp. 255–282.Google Scholar
- Asaba, Y., Y. Onishi and I. Haruki (2010) ‘Kankoku-ni okeru senkyo saikuru fuicchi-no seitou seiji-heno eikyou [President Lee Myung-bak’s Government Formation in Korea: a Missing Link of Electoral Cycle in Party Politics]’, Revaiasan [Leviathan], vol. 47, Autumn, pp. 65–88.Google Scholar
- Asaba, Y., Y. Onishi and M. Tatebayashi (2010) ‘Loser’s Disconsent in Korean Presidential Primary: Separation of Powers, Electoral Cycles, and Party Organization’, Senkyo Kenkyu [Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies], vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 53–66.Google Scholar
- Cheibub, J. A. (2007) Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
- Choi, H. S. (2007) Daetonglyeong susang jundaetonglyeong: gugga-ui gwonlyeoggujo [Presidentialism, Parliamentarism and Semi-presidentialism: an Analysis of Constitutional Structures] (Seoul: Ingansalang).Google Scholar
- Cox, G. W. and M. D. McCubbins (2001) ‘The Institutional Determinants of Economic Policy Outcomes’, in S. Haggard and M. D. McCubbins (eds), Presidents, Parliaments, and Policy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 21–63.Google Scholar
- Elgie, R. (2007) ‘What is Semi-presidentialism and Where Is It Found?’, in R. Elgie and S. Moestrup (eds), Semi-presidentialism outside Europe: A Comparative Study (Oxford: Routledge), pp. 1–13.Google Scholar
- Haggard, S. and M. D. McCubbins (2001) ‘Introduction: Political Institutions and the Determinants of Public Policy’, in S. Haggard and M. D. McCubbins (eds), Presidents, Parliaments, and Policy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 1–17.Google Scholar
- Kang, W. T. (2006) Daetonglyeongje naegagje-wa i-wonjeongbuje: tongchihyeongtae-ui teugseonggwa unyeong-ui wonli [Presidentialism, Parliamentalism and Semi-presidentialism: Characteristics of Constitutional Structures and Principles of Governance] (Seoul: Ingansalang).Google Scholar
- Lee, J. W. (2007) Daehanmingug-ui gugmuchongli [The Prime Minister in Korea] (Seoul: Nanam).Google Scholar
- Onishi, Y. (2008) ‘“Tsuyoi daitouryou” toiu kankoku seiji-no gensou: kokumusouri ninmei-to daitouryou hisyositsu [The Myth of “Strong President” in Korean Politics: Appointment of the Prime Minister and the Presidential Office]’, in M. Ito (ed.), Seiji-teki eguzekutxibu-no hikaku kenkyuu [Comparative Studies on Political Executives] (Tokyo: Waseda University Press), pp. 131–153.Google Scholar
- Shugart, M. S. (2006) ‘Comparative Executive-Legislative Relations’, in R. A. W. Rhodes, S. A. Binder and B. A. Rockman (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 344–365.Google Scholar
- Shugart, M. S. and S. Haggard (2001) ‘Institutions and Public Policy in Presidential Systems’, in S. Haggard and M. D. McCubbins (eds), Presidents, Parliaments, and Policy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 64–102.Google Scholar
© Yuki Asaba 2013