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Epilogue: Sibling Romance in/and the Canon; Or, the Ambiguities

  • Emily E. VanDette
Chapter
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Abstract

The Reconstruction novels of Harper, Chesnutt, and Hopkins expose the limitations of a national affiliation predicated on such constructed and arbitrary factors as race. Throughout their novels, mysterious identities abound, obscuring familial and racial ties. The consequences of that confusion are particularly dramatized in sibling dynamics, which function either to realign power toward the utopian dream of racial solidarity, or to expose the utter instability of race-based hierarchies. When he depicts John Warwick’s taboo gaze at his sister’s maturing physique, a momentary transgression caused by the absence of sibling identification, Chesnutt both draws upon the sibling romance popularized by nineteenth-century domestic fiction and anticipates the literary trope of interracial sibling incest that would develop in later eras of American literature, making The House Behind the Cedars a crucial link between the sentimental tradition of sibling romance and the treatment of sibling incest in modernism and beyond. The roles that gender and genre would play in that lineage are reflected in the mysterious history surrounding the “other” fictional work that Margaret Mitchell would attempt to publish in 1936. Following a brief discussion of the intriguing story of Mitchell’s lost novella, I close with a brief consideration of how the sibling romance tradition in antebellum and postbellum US literature, which this book has explored through the mostly noncanonical founders of that tradition, impacts our understanding of such celebrated authors as Faulkner, Hawthorne, Melville, and Poe.

Keywords

Literary History Sibling Incest Utopian Dream Literary Trope Literary Marketplace 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Herman Melville, Pierre: or, The Ambiguities (New York: Penguin, 1996), 7.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Diane Roberts, Faulkner and Southern Womanhood (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995), 95.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    For various accounts of the novella and its history, see Anne Edwards, Road to Tara: The Life of Margaret Mitchell (New Haven: Ticknor & Fields, 1983), 129–130;Google Scholar
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  6. 6.
    For an excellent study of the novel’s reception, see Amanda Adams, “‘Painfully Southern’: Gone with the Wind, the Agrarians, and the Battle for the New South,” Southern Literary Journal XL.1 (Fall 2007): 58–75.Google Scholar
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    Leila S. May, “‘Sympathies of a Scarcely Intelligible Nature’: The Brother-Sister Bond in Poe’s ‘The Fall of the House of Usher,’” Studies in Short Fiction 30.3 (Summer 1993): 387–397, 391.Google Scholar

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© Emily E. VanDette 2013

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