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Case Two: Scientific Whaling

  • Isao Miyaoka
Chapter
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Part of the St Antony’s Series book series

Abstract

On March 13, 1987, one day before Japanese whalers caught the last minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) in the Antarctic for commercial purposes, Japan decided to begin scientific whaling.1 Since then, Japan has annually conducted scientific whaling, despite continuous criticisms against the research. The term “scientific whaling,” which is also called “chôsa hogei” [research whaling] in Japanese, is defined here as “to kill, take, and treat whales for purposes of scientific research.” (Article 8.1 of the 1946 International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW)). This chapter first describes contestation over an international norm on scientific whaling. Then, it attempts realist and liberal explanations as to why Japan has not accepted the norm. Finally, I focus on the legitimacy of the international norm in terms of expressed consent, consistency with the existing ideational structure, and intergroup relationship between the norm promoters and the Japanese policymakers in charge. In order to compare this case with the two other items, I focus on the period between 1987 and 1992.

Keywords

Japanese Government Minke Whale Special Permit International Whaling Commission Fishery Agency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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Copyright information

© Isao Miyaoka 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isao Miyaoka
    • 1
  1. 1.Osaka University of Foreign StudiesJapan

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