• Isao Miyaoka
Part of the St Antony’s Series book series


The final chapter conducts a cross-case analysis and posits revised propositions on conditions under which collective legitimization matters for norm adoption. I also briefly consider which mechanism of social influence was likely to operate in the cases of driftnet fishing and the ivory trade. Then, I note two limitations to these tentative conclusions: generalizability and insufficient attention to country variance in adoption. I also discuss two theoretical implications for international society and Japanese foreign policy. Finally, I describe recent developments of international trade in African elephant ivory and scientific whaling and make a few normative claims about the future of elephants and whales.


Liberal Democratic Party Minke Whale African Elephant Political Obligation International Whaling Commission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Isao Miyaoka 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isao Miyaoka
    • 1
  1. 1.Osaka University of Foreign StudiesJapan

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