A Worldwide Religious Resurgence in an Era of Globalization and Apocalyptic Terrorism
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Even before the September ii attacks, the relevance of religion to global governance was a subject of controversy and confusion: After the Cold War, it was the energies of Islam that mounted the greatest threat to the sort of world order that the West was championing, which rested on a domestic governance model of constitutionalism and a strong private sector economy. The role of governmental institutions was to become mainly a facilitative one, especially with respect to the smooth operations of the world economy. This vision of a future based on liberal values of moderate states and robust markets was widely promoted as the best path to progress and prosperity, especially as underpinned by a growing willingness of governments to acknowledge the authority of human rights. Such a vision was no longer challenged by Marxist/Leninist ideology or by a bloc of states under the dominion of a nuclear superpower. Indeed, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the embrace of the liberal model by the successor states, and the incredible rate of capitalist growth achieved by Communist China in the 1990s seemed to confirm the historical weight of a post-Marxist materialist approach to global politics.
KeywordsGlobal Governance Religious Identity World Order Human Affair Global Civil Society
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