The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Interest Groups, Lobbying and Public Affairs

Living Edition
| Editors: Phil Harris, Alberto Bitonti, Craig S. Fleisher, Anne Skorkjær Binderkrantz

European Union

  • Marcel HanegraaffEmail author
Living reference work entry


The European Union is the host to a wide set of interest groups seeking to influence its daily decision-making procedures. Generally this quest for influence is divided in three distinct stages. Interest groups first need to collectively organize among a common issue before any lobbying can take place. This is what is called the mobilization stage in interest group research. In a second step, interest group must choose a suitable strategy to impact decision-making. This is what is referred to as the strategic development stage. In the final stage, interest groups either have an impact on EU politics or not. This is the influence stage. In this entry, lobbying in the European Union is analyzed from these three perspectives. In each case, the main findings in the existing literature are presented, both from a theoretical and a normative perspective. In other words, the key mechanisms underlying mobilization, strategic choices, and influence are portrayed; and the most...


Interest groups Business bias European Union European Commission European Parliament 
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Suggested Readings

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anne Binderkrantz Skorkjær
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark