Control Systems for Precision Machines

Reference work entry
Part of the Precision Manufacturing book series (PRECISION)


The control system is a core component of precision machines. No matter the precision machines are used for manufacturing (e.g., turning, milling, grinding, lapping, polishing) or inspection of mechanical parts, the control system could significantly determine the performance of precision machines. In this chapter, the control system of precision machines is described in detail. Firstly, the development of control system used in the precision machines is briefly introduced and a definition is given. Secondly, some key technologies in the control system of precision machines are elaborated in detail, including precision machine technology, detection sensor technology, information processing technology, servo drive technology, automatic control technology, and system software technology. Thirdly, three common control systems of precision machines are introduced, such as feed motion control system, temperature control system, and vibration control system. Finally, two typical cases are applied in precision machine tool control, such as active measurement control system and grating scale precision control system.


Precision machines Control system Sensor Information processing Serve drive Motion control Temperature control Vibration control 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical Engineering and AutomationHarbin Institute of TechnologyShenzhenChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

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