Measurement Technology for Precision Machines

  • Shuming YangEmail author
  • Changsheng Li
  • Guofeng Zhang
Reference work entry
Part of the Precision Manufacturing book series (PRECISION)


wThe precision of machine tools is the foundation of machining to achieve high precision. Therefore, an investigation on the measurement technology for precision machines is extremely important for precision/ultraprecision machining. This chapter provides an overall introduction to the measurement of precision machines, including the precision along linear axes and rotary axes, e.g., the precision of length, precision of angle, straightness, squareness, parallelism, flatness, and runout. The basic principles, achievable accuracy, application, and characteristics of a wide variety of measurement methods and instruments with precision in the nanoscale or below are discussed. It is found that digitization, automation, and flexibility are the development trends of modern instruments used for the measurement of precision machine tools. Though a number of measurement methods have been developed during these years, the existed methods face challenges to comprehensively characterize the performance of machine tools, especially for ultraprecision machine tools with a precision better than 100 nm. In addition, online measurement still remains to be investigated to improve the performance of precision machining.


Measurement Metrology Online measurement Machine tool Precision machining 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, School of Mechanical EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

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